Storage temperatures are critical to maintain the quality of wines. It is more so in case of your favorite white wines. Slight fluctuations in storage temperatures and storage conditions have the potential to affect the taste and texture of your wines. Here are some tips on storage temperature and conditions of white wine:
- Most wine lovers agree that storing temperatures and serving temperatures are two different things. Some experts believe that the ideal storage temperature for white wines is about 55 degrees F, which will help keep your white wine from the risk of aging prematurely.
- Other group pf experts believe that optimal storage temperature for white wines probably falls between 49-55 degrees.
- As a general rule for an average home user, white wine storage temperature should not go over 75˚F (24°C), for longer than brief spans of time. At 75°F, wine begins to oxidize. An ideal temperature for storing a varied wine collection is 54°F (12.2°C). Letting the temperature drop below 54°F won't hurt the wine; it'll only slow down the aging process. However, A 68 to 73 degree storage area is far preferable to one that is 45 to 65 degrees F, though the first approaches the dangerous 75 figure. Rises in temperature force wine through the cork; drops cause air to be sucked back in.
- Temperature in a wine storage area should be as constant as possible. All changes should occur slowly. The greater the changes in temperature a wine suffers, the greater the premature aging of the wine from over breathing. The temperature should never fluctuate more than 3°F (1.6°C) a day and 5°F (2.7°C) a year.
However, it must be remembered that not all wines improve over time. Generally, new world, inexpensive wines will not improve. This, however, depends on the type of wine and the balance of its sugar, acid and tannins. Most white wines should be consumed after 2-3 years of storage (though select White Burgundies (Chardonnays) can be aged for over 20 years.)
- Some great storage tips for storing your bottle of white wine. If you do not have a cellar, put it in the fridge. This will generally only keep the white wine for three to five days if you have already opened it, though there are ways to ensure it stays good for longer:
- Minimize its exposure to air. Cork the bottle tightly. If there is only a little bit of wine left, try transferring it to a smaller bottle.
- Keep it away from excess amounts of light and heat. If you have multiple refrigerators, put it in the one that is used the least. If you only have one, try not to leave the fridge open for extended periods of time.
- Purchase a wine stopper and pump.
- This is an obvious one- if you have a wine cellar, worry no more! Just place the bottle of wine on the rack, close the door, and you are set. Make sure to have some type of system for finding certain bottles of wine in your wine cellar, though, otherwise it can be very easy to spend a good amount of time searching for that one particular bottle.
- While digging a large hole in the basement would seem the most effective thing to do, that would be a major undertaking, and will cost you quite a bit. A closet wine cellar is ideal for the every white wine lover, and will probably only cost you around two, three hundred dollars. Be sure you are committed, however, because it's not always easy to convert back into a regular closet.
- Wine cooler/refrigerator. This will generally keep the temperature constant, as long as you're not constantly opening and closing the door. Good humidity levels are maintained, as well.