Wine is a passion for many people. More people are becoming more acquainted with different wines, flavors, bodies, and even how to grow grapes!
The debate continues to grow as to the difference between Old and New World wine-making techniques. It is a hugely emotional topic. What is the difference?
The Old World wines use the very classic wine creation techniques that can date back to the production regimes from and including beyond the Roman Empire. The time spans cannot be replicated. Everyone in authority of wine making and historical opinions do point to some good points of argument.
When Rome fell, the vineyards that yielded those wonderful grapes for hundreds of years were lost. The grapes, which were able to endure and survive today, carry the natural selection of those days that produced the highest quality fruit for winemaking.
Historically speaking, the growers that have evolved that date back to Austria, France, Germany, Spain and Italy can demonstrate the families that took so much pride as they kept the process the same. The growing was a point of honor. But on the downside of hundreds of years using the same techniques, complacency can interact with the same attitude we all hear today, “if it is not broke, don’t fix it.” This will force old growing techniques to establish new ways of thinking that will compel to look to competing a broader market or face extinction.
Today, New World wine growers can be found in New Zealand, Chili and parts of South America, America, South Africa and America. To survive and grow new and develop new wines forces the growers to look back in time as well as look at newer methods to see that grapes will satisfactorily perform well. It is a competitive market.
Some of the new methods have made changes in irrigation systems, oak aging as well as us various new compounds that are natural to chemistry which make for wine making systems that are kept secret. Chemistry plays a great part in new techniques, which give a vast difference in Old World and New World winemaking.
These new methods of the New World are producing a lot of good wine that meets the fine wine palate expectations. Wines coming from South Africa, Latin America and Australia are popular as well as making them affordable enhancing their buying capabilities. The climates of the Southern Hemisphere do produce a slighter milder grape than those compared to the cold winds of the North. There are fewer varieties in the Southern climates.
Their flavors undergo little change making them consistent which makes it difficult for wine drinkers who wish to be able to taste a wine, develop a certain knowledge for a wine region. Reducing this can make wine less interesting.
France has been a major supplier but the fine wines but a new market far exceeding them has come out of Australia. Competition is good for the producing and growing to avoid the status quo of wines that have been from the Old World. Today’s wine consumers are interesting in a reliable wine that is affordable to grace their dinner tables and now the choices today can come from around the world.