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A

Abboccato

An Italian term used to describe full-bodied wines... read more

ABC

An acronym for Anything but Chardonnay or Anything... read more

ABV

Generally listed on a wine bottle, ABV is an abbreviation... read more

Acescence

Wine with a sharp, sweet-and-sour flavor and a vinegary... read more

Acidity

The liveliness and crispness in wine that activates... read more

Adamado

A Portuguese term for a medium-sweet wine. read more

Adega

A Portuguese wine term for a wine cellar or a winery. read more

Aeration

The deliberate addition of oxygen to round out and... read more

Aging

Holding wine in barrels, tanks, and bottles to advance... read more

Alcohol

Ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the product of fermentation... read more

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau

Also referred to as ATTTB (see ATTTB); a United States... read more

Almacenista

A Spanish term for a Sherry producer who ferments and... read more

Alsace

A reputable wine region in eastern France known for... read more

Altar Wine

This is wine used by the Catholic Church in celebrations... read more

Alte Reben

A German term for 'old vine.' read more

Amabile

An Italian term for a medium-sweet wine. read more

Amarone

A succulent red wine with high-alcohol levels hailing... read more

Amontillado

Best described as a matured Fino. After the flor dies,... read more

Anbaugebiet

A German wine region. Anbaugebiet are further divided... read more

Annata

An Italian term for a vintage (see vintage). read more

Anosmia

The loss of smell. read more

AOC

Abbreviation for Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée, (English:... read more

Aperitif

A wine that is drunk alone (without food) or before... read more

Appellation

A designated region under which a winegrower is authorized... read more

Aroma

The smell of wine. read more

Aromatic

A wine with very noteworthy and distinctive aromas. read more

Astringent

A tasting term documented by high levels of tannin... read more

ATTTB

An abbreviation for the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and... read more

Auslese

German for select harvest. read more

AVA

Approved by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms,... read more

Azienda Agricola

An Italian term for a winery produces wine exclusively... read more

Azienda Vinicola

An Italian term for an estate that produces its wine... read more

B

B.O.B.

An acronym for Buyer's Own Brand. This refers to a... read more

Bacchus

The Roman God of wine, known as Dionysus in ancient... read more

Balance

A term for when the sugars, tannins, acids, and alcohol,... read more

Balthazar

A large wine bottle containing 12 litres which is equal... read more

Ban de Vendange

The office start of the harvest season in France. read more

Barrel

The oak container used for fermenting and aging wine. read more

Barrel Fermented

A process in which wine is fermented in oak barrels... read more

Barrique

a 225-litre oak barrel used originally for storing... read more

Basic

A low cost, entry-level offering from a winery as opposed... read more

Beaujolais

A juicy, flavorful red wine made from Gamay grapes... read more

Beaujolais Nouveau

The first Beaujolais wine of the harvest; its annual... read more

Beerenauslese

A German term meaning approximately harvest of selected... read more

Bereich

A district located within a German wine region. read more

Bianco

An Italian term for a white wine or grape. read more

Bin

This term was originally meant to designate a location... read more

Biodynamic Wine

Like biodynamic agriculture in general, biodynamic... read more

Biologique

A French term for organic winemaking. read more

Bitter

Caused by tannins, this term is a taste sensation that... read more

Blanc

A French term for a white wine or grape. read more

Blanc de Blancs

The name for Champagne made entirely from Chardonnay... read more

Blanc de Noirs

The name for Champagne made entirely from red grapes,... read more

Blanco

A Spanish term for a white wine or grape. read more

Blend

A wine made from more than one grape varietal. read more

Blind Tasting

The act of tasting and evaluation wine without knowing... read more

Blush

More commonly referred to as rose, Blush is a wine... read more

Bodega

Spanish for winery; translated literally to the 'room... read more

Body

A tactile sensation describing the weight and fullness... read more

Bordeaux

One of the best wine-producing regions in the world... read more

Bota

A cask of wine used to store Sherry with a capacity... read more

Botrytis

A beneficial mold that pierces the skin of grapes and... read more

Botrytis Cinerea

A beneficial mold that causes grapes to wither and... read more

Bouquet

A term that refers to the complex aromas in aged wines. read more

Branco

A Portuguese term for a white wine or grape. read more

Breathing

Exposing wine to oxygen to improve its flavors. read more

Brettanomyce

A wine-spoiling yeast that produces barnyard, mousy,... read more

Brilliant

A tasting note for wines that appear sparkling clear. read more

Brix

A scale used to measure the level of sugar in unfermented... read more

Brut

A French term describing dry champagnes or sparkling... read more

Bung

The plug used to seal a wine barrel. read more

Bung Hole

The opening in a cask in which wine can be put in or... read more

C

Cabernet Franc

Common to Bordeaux, Cabernet Franc is a red grape with... read more

Cabernet Sauvignon

Capable of aging for decades, Cabernet Sauvignon is... read more

Cantina

An Italian term for winery. read more

Cantina Sociale

An Italian term for a co-operative. read more

Cap

A term used for the solids that come from grapes such... read more

Cap Classique

A South African wine term for a sparkling wine. read more

Capsule

The foil or plastic that covers the cork/part of the... read more

Carbonic Maceration

Whole, uncrushed grapes are fermented in a sealed vat... read more

Cascina

An Italian term for a farmhouse or wine estate. read more

Cask

A wood barrel or storage vessel that is used in winemaking... read more

Casta

A Portuguese term for grape variety. read more

Cava

A Spanish term for cellar also meaning a Spanish sparkling... read more

Cellar Door

A tasting room or a separate sales area, this is the... read more

Cépage

A French term for a grape variety. read more

Cerasuolo

An Italian term for a cherry-pink colored wine. read more

Chablis

Known for steely, minerally Chardonnay, Chablis is... read more

Chai

A wine shed, or other storage place that is above ground. read more

Champagne

A designated region located northeast of Paris where... read more

Champagne Flute

A piece of stemware having a long stem with a tall... read more

Chaptalization

Adding sugar to wine before or during the fermentation... read more

Chardonnay

Arguably the best and most widely planted white wine... read more

Chateau

Meaning French for 'castle;' Chateau is an estate with... read more

Chenin Blanc

A white grape common in the Loire Valley of France. read more

Chianti

Made from mostly Sangiovese grapes, chianti is a scenic,... read more

Chiaretto

An Italian term for a light colored rosé. read more

Citric Acid

One of the three predominate acids in wine. read more

Clairet

A French term used to describe a wine that falls between... read more

Claret

The name the English use when referring to the red... read more

Classic

A German classification category for dry wine. read more

Classico

An Italian term for the historical center of a wine... read more

Cleanskin

A wine bottled without a commercial label in Australia;... read more

Clos

Pronounced 'Cloh,' this French term once applied only... read more

Closed

A term describing underdeveloped and young wines whose... read more

Colheita

A Portuguese term for a harvest. read more

Color

A key element of a wine's age and quality. When white... read more

Commune

A small wine-growing region that surrounds a village. read more

Complex

A wine expressing various odors, nuances, and flavors. read more

Consorzio

An Italian tern for a trade organization of wine producers. read more

Cooperative

A winery owned jointly by multiple grape growers. read more

Cork Taint

Undesirable aromas and flavors in wine often associated... read more

Corked

A term that denotes a wine that has suffered cork taint. read more

Corkscrew

A tool used to draw corks from wine bottles. read more

Coteaux

A French term for the hillside or slopes of a hill... read more

Côtes

A French term for the hillside or slops of one adjoining... read more

Country Wine

A quality level in between table wine (see table wine)... read more

Crémant

French sparkling wine not made in Champagne region. read more

Crianza

A Spanish term used to describe a red wine that has... read more

Cru

A French term for classifying a wine's genetic quality.... read more

Cru Classé

A top-ranking vineyard designated in the Bordeaux Classification... read more

Crush

The English term for harvest. read more

Cuvaison

The French term for the period of time during alcoholic... read more

Cuvée

A type, blend, or batch of wine, especially Champagne. read more

Cuverie

A French term that refers to the building or room that... read more

D

Débourbage

Refers to the process in which the must of a white... read more

Decant

The process of transferring wine from a bottle to another... read more

Decantation

The process of pouring wine from the bottle into the... read more

Dégorgement Tardive

A French term for a Champagne that has been aged for... read more

Demi-Sec

A French term used to describe a sweet sparkling wine... read more

Denominacion de Origen

Spanish for 'appellation of origin. read more

Denominazione di Origine Controllata

Italian for a controlled wine region. read more

Dessert Wine

Varies by region. In the US by law, any wine containing... read more

Destemming

Removing stems prior to pressing and fermenting the... read more

Disgorge

The process by which final sediment are removed from... read more

DOC

The abbreviation for Denominazione di Origine Controllata,... read more

Doce

A Portuguese term for a sweet wine. read more

DOCG

The abbreviation for Denominazione di Origine Controllata... read more

Dolce

An Italian term for a sweet wine. read more

Dosage

A sweetened spirit added at the very end to Champagne... read more

Douro

A river in Portugal known for producing Port wines. read more

Doux

A French term for a sweet wine. read more

Drip Dickey

A trademarked name for a cover that slips over the... read more

Dry

The opposite of sweet; This term is used to describe... read more

Dulce

A Spanish term for a sweet wine. read more

E

Earthy

An odor or flavor reminiscent of damp soil. read more

Eau de Vie

A French term meaning water of life; this is a grape-derived... read more

Edelfäule

A German term for noble rot. read more

Edelkeur

A South African term for noble rot. read more

Edes

A Hungarian term for a sweet wine. read more

Einzellage

The smallest geographical unit in German wine law representing... read more

Eiswein

German for ice wine. read more

Elaborado Por

A Spanish wine label term meaning produced by. read more

Embotellado Por

A Spanish wine label term meaning bottled by. read more

Encépagement

A French term for the proportion of grape varieties... read more

Enology

The science of wine and winemaking. read more

Entry-level Wine

A wine from a producer's portfolio that is the cheapest... read more

Eonology

A used to describe the science of wine and winemaking... read more

Eraflage

Either by hand or by machine, this is the process of... read more

Erzeugerabfüllung

A German term for an estate-bottled wine. read more

Estate Winery

A United States winery license that allows farms to... read more

Extra-Brut

A very dry sparkling wine. read more

F

Farm Winery

A United States and South African winery license that... read more

Fattoria

An Italian term for a wine estate. read more

Feinherb

An unregulated German wine term used to describe an... read more

Fermentation

The conversion of grape sugars to alcohol by yeast. read more

Fiasco

The straw-covered flask historically associated with... read more

Filtration

The process of clarifying wine before bottling. read more

Fine Wine

The highest category of wine quality that represents... read more

Fining

Adding egg whites or gelatin (among other things) to... read more

Finish

The impression of textures and flavors lasting in the... read more

Flagon

A glass bottle that holds two liters of table wine. read more

Flavors

Odors perceived in the mouth. read more

Flying Winemaker

A winemaker who travels extensively across the globe,... read more

Fortified Wine

A type of wine in which brandy is added during the... read more

Foxy

A term that describes the musty odor and flavor of... read more

Frizzante

An Italian term for a semi-sparkling wine. read more

Frizzantino

An Italian term for a wine that has very slight effervescence,... read more

Fruit Wine

A fermented alcohol beverage made from non-grape fruit... read more

Fruity

A tasting term for wines that display strong smells... read more

Full-Bodied

A wine that is high in alcohol and flavors, often described... read more

Fumé Blanc

A name created by Robert Mondavi to describe dry Sauvignon... read more

G

Gamay

A red grape extremely popular in the Beaujolais region... read more

Garrafeira

A Portuguese term for a potentially superior quality... read more

Gemeind

A German term for a commune where wine is produced. read more

Geographical Indication

A term used by the World Trade Organization to designate... read more

Gewürztraminer

A popular white grape known to be sweet and spicy in... read more

Globalization of Wine

Refers to the increasingly internation nature of the... read more

Gönc

The traditional oak cask used to age Tokaji in Hungary. read more

Goon

An Australian term for inexpensive box wine. read more

Graft

A technique used in the vineyard where the bud-producing... read more

Grains Nobles

A phrase that may appear on French wine labels to indicate... read more

Gran Reserva

A Spanish term used for wines that are aged in wood... read more

Grand Cru

A French term meaning 'great growth;' the very best... read more

Grand Reserva

A Spanish aging designation that for red wine stipulates... read more

Grand Vin

A French term most often associated with Bordeaux where... read more

Grande Marque

A French term for a famous brand of wine. read more

Granvas

A Spanish term for a sparkling wine that has been tank... read more

Green

A term used to describe underripe and vegetal flavors... read more

Grenache

A hearty red grape that is popular in southern France... read more

Grosses Gewächs

A dry wine made from a vineyard that has been designated... read more

Grosslage

A German designation for a cluster of vineyards within... read more

Grüner Veltliner

A white grape found in Australia that is popular for... read more

H

Habillage

A French term for the foil and wire cork cage that... read more

Halbtrocken

A German term for a medium-dry wine. read more

Haut

Applying to quality as well as altitude, Haut is a... read more

Hectare

A metric measure equal to 10,000 square meters or 2.47... read more

Hectoliter

A metric measure equal to 100 liters or 26.4 gallons. read more

Herbaceous

A tasting term expressing odors and flavors of fresh... read more

Hock

A term for Rhine wines, usually used in England. read more

Hollow

A term used to describe a wine that does not have depth... read more

Horizontal Wine Tasting

A tasting of a group of wines from the same vintage... read more

Hot

A term for wine that is high in alcohol. read more

Hybrid

The genetic crossing of two or more grape types. read more

I

Ice Wine

This is a white made from frozen grapes. The top ice... read more

IGT

An abbreviation for Indicazione Geografica Tipica,... read more

Imbottigliato All' Origine

An Italian term for a wine that has been estate-bottled. read more

Imperial

A large bottle holding six liters, the equivalent of... read more

International Variety

Refers to grape varieties grown in nearly every major... read more

Invecchiato

An Italian term for a wine that has been aged either... read more

J

Jeroboam

A large bottle holding 3-5 liters, the equivalent of... read more

Jug Wine

An American term for inexpensive table wine. read more

K

Kabinett

A German term to describe a good quality wine. Most... read more

Kosher

Kosher wine is grape wine produced according to Judaism's... read more

L

Labrusca

Grape types that are native to North America. read more

Landwein

A German term for a wine slightly above table wines. read more

Late Harvest

A term used to describe dessert wines made from grapes... read more

Lazy Ballerina

One example of a trellising system used to grow wine... read more

Lees

Sediment consisting of dead yeast cells, grape pulp,... read more

Leesy

A tasting term for the rich aromas and odors that result... read more

Legs

A term used to describe how wine sticks to the inside... read more

Length

The amount of time that flavors linger in the mouth... read more

Lie

A French term for the dead yeast and sediment of wine... read more

Lieu-dit

A French term for a named vineyard site; usually used... read more

Liquoreux

A French term meaning liqueur-like used for dessert... read more

Liquoroso

An Italian term for a fortified wine. read more

Liter

A metric measure of volume equal to 33.8 fluid ounces... read more

Litre

A metric measure of volume equal to 35.2 fluid ounces... read more

Loire

A river and wine region located in central France that... read more

M

Maceration

The process of allowing grape juice and skins to ferment... read more

Madeira

Made on a Portuguese island right off the coast of... read more

Maderized

Stemming from the word Madeira (see madeira), this... read more

Magnum

A bottle equal to two regular 750 ml bottles. read more

Malbec

A hearty red grape of French origin now exceedingly... read more

Malic Acid

A term for one of the three predominate acids in grapes.... read more

Malolactic Fermentation

A secondary fermentation in which the tartness of malic... read more

Manipulant

A French term for a grape grower who makes their own... read more

Marc

A distilled beverage made from pomace (see pomace). read more

Mas

A French term for a vineyard. read more

Maso

An Italian term for a wine estate. read more

Masseria

An Italian term for a wine estate. read more

Master of Wine

A qualification (not an academic degree) conferred... read more

Mature

A term used to describe wine that is ready to drink. read more

May Wine

A light German wine flavored with sweet woodruff in... read more

Mead

A wine-like alcoholic beverage made of fermented honey... read more

Medoc

A section of Bordeaux on the west bank of the Gironde... read more

Meritage

Originally created in California, these blended wines... read more

Merlot

A popular red grape in Bordeaux and throughout the... read more

Merlot-to-go Law

Legislation in some U.S. states allowing restaurant... read more

Methuselah

A large bottle holding six liters (see liters), the... read more

Metodo Charmat

An Italian term for a sparkling wine that has gone... read more

Metodo Classico

An Italian term for a sparkling wine that has gone... read more

Metodo Tradizionale

An Italian term for a sparkling wine that has gone... read more

Mid Palate

The balance of weight, acidity and fruit flavors that... read more

Millésime

A French term for a vintage date that can appear on... read more

Mis en Bouteille au Châtaeu

French for bottled at the winery, usually in Bordeaux. read more

Mistela

A Spanish term for a fortified wine made by mixing... read more

Mistelle

A French term for a fortified wine made by mixing unfermented... read more

Moelleux

A French term usually used for wines of mid-level sweetness... read more

Monopole

A French term for an appellation, where all the vineyards... read more

Mousse

The sparkling effervescence of a wine; in the glass... read more

Mousseux

A French term for a sparkling wine. read more

Mouth-Feel

How a wine feels on the palate; it can be rough, smooth,... read more

Mulled Wine

Wine that is spiced, heated, and served as a punch. read more

Must

Unfermented grape juice including skins, stems, and... read more

N

Nebuchadnezzar

A large bottle holding 15 liters (see liters), the... read more

Négociant

French for trader. A wine merchant who assembles the... read more

New World Wine

Wines produced outside of the traditional wine growing... read more

Noble Rot

The layman’s term for botrytis. read more

Non-filtré

A French term for a wine that has not been filtered. read more

Nose

A tasting term describing the aromas and bouquets of... read more

O

Oak/Oaky

A tasting term describing odors and flavors of vanilla,... read more

Oenophile

A wine aficionado or connoisseur. read more

Old World Wine

Wines produced inside of the traditional wine growing... read more

Open

A tasting term signifying a wine that is ready to drink. read more

Organic

Grapes grown without adding chemical-based fertilizers,... read more

Organoleptic

A wine tasting term for anything that affects one of... read more

Oxidation

A chemical change that occurs when wine is exposed... read more

Oxidized

A term used to describe wine that is no longer fresh... read more

P

Pétillant

A French term for a lightly sparkling wine. read more

Petit Château

A Bordeaux (see bordeaux) wine estate that doesn't... read more

pH

An indication of a wine's acidity expressed by how... read more

Phenolic Compounds

Natural compounds present in grape skins and seeds. read more

Phylloxera

A microscopic insect that kills grape vines by attacking... read more

Piedmont

An area in northwest Italy known for Barolo, Barbaresco,... read more

Pinot Blanc

A white grape popular in Alsace, Germany, and elsewhere. read more

Pinot Gris

Also known as Pinot Grigio, this is a grayish-purple... read more

Pinot Noir

The prime red grape of Burgundy, Champagne, and Oregon. read more

Pinotage

A hybrid between Pinot Noir and Cinsault that is grown... read more

Piquant

A French term for a simple, quaffing white wine with... read more

Plan Bordeaux

A proposal for enhancing the economic status of the... read more

Plonk

British slang for inexpensive wine or very low-quality... read more

Podere

An Italian term for a small wine estate. read more

Pomace

The mass of skins, pits, and stems left over after... read more

Port

A sweet, fortified wine made in the Douro Valley of... read more

Pourriture Noble

An Italian term for noble rot. read more

Prädikat

A PDO wine designation for high quality used in Germany... read more

Prädikatswein

The highest class of wine in the German wine classification,... read more

Premier Cru

A French term meaning 'first growth;' a high quality... read more

Produttore

A Italian term for a wine producer. read more

Pruning

The chore of trimming back plants from the previous... read more

Punt

The indentation found in the base of a wine bottle.... read more

Puttonyos

In Hungary, the measurement of sweetness levels for... read more

Q

QbA

A German acronym for Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete.... read more

QmP

German acronym for Qualitätswein mit Prädikat. Translated... read more

QPR

An acronym for Quality-Price Ratio. read more

Quaffing Wine

A simple, everyday drinking wine. read more

Qualitätswein

A designation of better quality German wines. When... read more

Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete

This is wine from one of the 13 wine-growing regions... read more

Qualitätswein mit Prädikat

Translated as quality wine with specific attributes,... read more

Quality-Price Ratio

Also called QPR (see QPR); a designation for rating... read more

Quinta

A Portuguese term for a wine estate. read more

R

Racking

The process of moving wine from barrel to barrel, while... read more

Raisin

A French term for a grape. read more

Recioto

An Italian sweet wine made from passito grapes. read more

Récoltant

A French term for a wine producer who grows their own... read more

Redox

The reductive-oxidative way that wine ages. As one... read more

Rehoboam

A large bottle holding 4.5 litres, the equivalent of... read more

Reserva

A Spanish term referring to red wine that has spent... read more

Reserve

A largely American term indicating a wine of higher... read more

Reserve/Riserva/Reserva

Terms given to wine to indicate that it is of higher... read more

Residual Sugar

Also referred to as RS; the unfermented sugar left... read more

Rhône

The name of the wine-producing valley in France. read more

Rich

A French term for a very sweet wine. read more

Riddling

The process of rotating Champagne bottles in order... read more

Riesling

One of the top white grapes in the world; most popular... read more

Rioja

A well-known region in Spain known for traditional... read more

Ripasso

The addition of Amarone flavor to Valpolicella wine... read more

Rosado/Rosato

The Spanish and Italian terms for a rosé wine. read more

Rosé

Used to describe a category of refreshing, pink wines... read more

Rosso/Rouge

The Italian and French terms for a red wine. read more

Rough

The tactile “coarse” sensation one experiences with... read more

S

Sack

An early English term for what is now referred to as... read more

Salmanazar

A large bottle holding nine liters, the equivalent... read more

Sancerre

An area in the Loire Valley (Central France) known... read more

Sangiovese

A red grape native to Tuscany that is found in Chianti,... read more

Sangria

A tart punch made from red wine along with orange,... read more

Sauternes

A sweet Bordeaux white wine made from botrytized Semillon... read more

Sauvignon Blanc

A white grape planted throughout the world which has... read more

Sec/Secco/Seco

The French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese terms for... read more

See

French word for “dry”. read more

Sekt

A sparkling wine (see sparkling wine) manufactured... read more

Selection

A German wine classification for dry wines from a single... read more

Selection de Grains Nobles

A sweet botrytized wine made in the French region of... read more

Sémillon

A plump white grape that is popular in Bordeaux and... read more

Semisecco/Semi-seco

The Italian and Spanish designation for a medium-dry... read more

Sherry

A fortified wine from a designated region in Southwest... read more

Shiraz

The Australian name for Syrah; also used in South Africa... read more

Silky

A term used to describe a wine with an notably smooth... read more

Smaragd

In the Austrian wine region Wachau, a classification... read more

Solera

The Spanish arrangement of mixing wines of various... read more

Sommelier

A term used to denote a cerfified wine professional.... read more

Soutirage

A French term for racking. read more

Sparkling Wine

Effervescent wine containing significant levels of... read more

Spätlese

German for late harvest that is made without chaptalization. read more

Spicy

A tasting term referring to odors and flavors similar... read more

Split

A quarter-bottle of wine; a single-serving bottle equal... read more

Spritzig

A German term for a light sparkling wine. read more

Spumante

An Italian term for a sparkling wine made from any... read more

Steely

A term used to describe an intensely crisp, acidic... read more

Steinfeder

In the Austrian wine region Wachau, a classification... read more

Stemmy

A term used to describe harsh, green characteristics... read more

Stickies

An Australian term for a broad category of sweet wines... read more

Stravecchio

An Italian term for a very old wine, often used in... read more

Straw Wine

Also called raisin wine; a wine made from grapes that... read more

Strohwein/Schilfwein

A German word for straw wine, same as the French term... read more

Structure

An tasting term that denotes harmony of fruit, alcohol,... read more

Super Tuscan

Often a blended wine of superior quality containing... read more

Super Tuscans

A style of Italian wine that became popular in Tuscany... read more

Supérieur/Superlore

The French and Italian terms that indicate a wine has... read more

Supple

A term used to describe smooth, balanced wines. read more

Sur Lie

A French term for a wine that has spent time aging... read more

Sur Pointe

A French term for a sparkling wine that has been aged... read more

Sweet

Wines with recognizable sugar contents on the nose... read more

Syrah

A spicy, full and tannic wine that usually requires... read more

Szamorodni

A Hungarian wine term meaning as it comes and is used... read more

T

Table Wine

A term used to describe wines of between 10-14% alcohol;... read more

Tafelwein

A German term for table wine. read more

Taille

In Champagne wine production, this is the juice that... read more

Talento

An Italian sparkling wine (see sparkling wine) made... read more

Tannins

The phenolic compounds found in wines that leave the... read more

Tartaric Acid

Tartaric acid is the primary acid in grapes and promotes... read more

TBA

An abbreviation for the German wine Trockenbeerenauslese. read more

Tempranillo

The most popular red grape in Spain. read more

Tenuta

An Italian term for a wine estate. read more

Terroir

A French term for the geographical characteristics... read more

Texture

A tasting term describing how wine feels on the palate. read more

Tinto

A Spanish and Portuguese term for a red wine or grape. read more

Tokay

A dessert wine made in Hungary from dried Furmint grapes. read more

Tonneau

A French cask capable of holding 900 litres (240 US... read more

Transparency

The ability of a wine to clearly portray all unique... read more

Triage

A French term referring to the selective picking of... read more

Trocken

A German word meaning 'dry.' read more

Typicity

A tasting term describing how well a wine denotes the... read more

U

Ullage

The space between the wine and the top of a wine bottle.... read more

Unctuous

A tasting descriptor to describe a wine that has layers... read more

Uva

An Italian term for a wine grape. read more

Uvaggio

An Italian term for a wine that has been blended from... read more

V

Varietal

The opposite of a blend, a varietal is a wine that... read more

VC

An abbreviation for the Spanish term 'vino comarcal'... read more

VDL

An abbreviation for the French term 'vin de liqueur'... read more

VDLT

Abbreviation for the Spanish term vino de la tierra... read more

VDN

An abbreviation for the French term 'vin doux naturel'... read more

VDQS

An abbreviation for the French 'Vin Délimité de Qualité... read more

VDT

An abbreviation for the Italian term 'vino da tavola'... read more

Vecchio

An Italian term for old that may be used as an aging... read more

Vegetal

A tasting term expressing characteristics of fresh... read more

Vendange

A French term for grape harvest. read more

Vendangé à la Main

A French term for a wine made from grapes that have... read more

Vendange Tardive

A French term denoting a late harvest wine. Legally... read more

Vendemmia/Vendimia

An Italian and Spanish term for vintage. read more

Veneto

A large wine-producing region in northern Italy. read more

Vermouth

An aromatized wine that is made with wormwood and potentially... read more

Vertical Wine Tasting

In a vertical tasting, different vintages of the same... read more

Vieilles Vignes

French meaning old vines, sometimes written as an acronym... read more

Viejo

A Spanish term for old. read more

Vigna/Vigneto

Italian terms for a vineyard. read more

Vigneron

French for vine grower. read more

Vignoble

A French term for a vineyard. read more

Vin

French for wine. read more

Vin de Garde

A French term for a wine with the potential to improve... read more

Vin de Glace

A French term for an ice wine (see ice wine). read more

Vin de Pays

A French classification system denoting wines that... read more

Vin de Table

A French term denoting a table wine, the lowest classification... read more

Vin Mousseux

A generic French term for a sparkling wine. read more

Vin Nouveau

A French term similar to Vin Primeur denoting a very... read more

Vin Ordinaire

A French term used to denote an ordinary wine as opposed... read more

Vin Primeur

A French wine which may, under the AOC regulations,... read more

Vin Santo

A sweet wine from Tuscany made from late-harvest Trebbiano... read more

Vin-de-Paille

A French term for a wine that has been made from dried... read more

Viña

Spanish for vines. read more

Viña/Viñedo/Vinha

Spanish and Portuguese terms for vineyard. read more

Vinho

Portuguese for wine. read more

Vinho Regional

The lowest level of the Portuguese classification system.... read more

Vinification

The winemaking process. read more

Vino

Italian and Spanish, originally derived from Latin,... read more

Vino de Mesa

A Spanish term for table wine (see table wine). read more

Vino de Tavola

An Italian term for table wine (see table wine). read more

Vino Generoso

A Spanish term for a fortified wine. read more

Vinology

The scientific study of wines and winemaking. read more

Vinous

A term used to denote anything relating to wine. read more

Vintage

A term used to describe the year a wine is bottled... read more

Viognier

A fragrant, powerful white grape grown in the Rhône... read more

Viticoltore/Vigniaiolo

Italian terms for a wine grape grower. read more

Viticulture

The science of growing wine grapes. read more

Vitigno

An Italian term for a wine grape variety. read more

Vitis Vinifera

The type of wine that engrosses over 99% of the world’s... read more

Vivace

An Italian term for a lively or lightly sparkling wine. read more

W

Waiter's Friend

Also called sommelier knife, a popular type of corkscrew... read more

Webster

A unit of wine or fortified wine consisting of 1.5L... read more

Weight

Similar to Body, yield is the impression when a wine... read more

Weissherbst

A German rosé made from only black grape varieties... read more

Wine

Fermented juice made from grapes. read more

Wine Cave

A subterranean structure for aging and storing wine. read more

Wine Fraud

Any form of dishonesty in the production or distribution... read more

Wine Label

The descriptive sticker or signage adhered to the side... read more

Winzergenossenschaft

A German term for a co-operative winery. read more

X

Xylem

The woody tissue of a vine that transports water and... read more

Y

Yeast

A microorganism that is local to vineyards and produced... read more

Yield

The productivity of a vineyard. read more

Young

An immature wine that is usually bottled and sold within... read more

Z

Zinfandel

A popular variety of wine grape grown in California. read more

Zymology

The science of fermentation in wine. read more

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