From the moment of uncorking, wine begins deteriorating, even when cellaring is properly done. Storing your wine properly for maturity is an art. If you can do this correctly, you will be enjoying a perfectly matured and aged wine. Nevertheless, it requires a lot of knowledge and practice to make sure you are building the best possible environment for your wine to age in.
Wine is matchless in its ability to increase in complexity and taste, with age. Aging wine requires that you store it a carefully in perfect conditions. This can be achieved with the help of a wine cellar specifically designed for the task. However, there are various ways to age wine without the use cellar. Outlined below are basic considerations for proper aging and storing of wine.
Keeping it Dark
Store/age your wine in a dark and more restricted place with a considerable moderate temperature. Wine must be aged in a dark setting because light can produce some undesired results in your wine. Make sure you set up a wine storage in a location that gets little or no light, this is the reason red wines are concealed in dark bottles. It prevents much light from reacting with the wine inside.
When excessive light hits the wine, it reacts chemically; this can lead to unwanted chemicals in your wine. Some of the chemicals include dimethyl disulfide (which attracts flies); dimethyl sulfide (smells fishy), and hydrogen sulfide (smells like rotten eggs). When your wines are exposed to much light, the smells are unmistakable.
It is important to note that you should never store wine near heat. It has to be aged in a cool condition to prevent it from spoiling before time. A kitchen is a place that people often think of as safe to store wine, but in reality, this is the worst places in your house to do so.
The kitchen is a place of fluctuating temperatures: from the heat of your stove to the oven and then to the blasts of cold air from the refrigerator; it can be inconvenient for wine to age properly. Instead, store your wine in a regularly cool and dark place, such as a basement or the closet.
What Wine to Age?
Although there are few set of rules on duration for wine aging, there are also plenty of guidelines concerning which wine age the best. For example, a $20 bottle of wine may taste great but isn't meant for aging.
Regardless of your choice of storage and wine aging, you still need to monitor the quality closely. It is most unlikely that you'll be able to age the wine for many years. In lieu, fix a maximum aging duration of just a few years, and select wines that will fit into this short period.